INSTITUTO DE LACTOLOGIA INDUSTRIAL
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
Effect of high-pressure treatment on hard cheese proteolysis
LUCIANA COSTABEL; ALEJANDRA CUATRIN; BERGAMINI CARINA; AUDERO, G; VAUDAGNA, SERGIO; HYNES ERICA
JOURNAL OF DAIRY SCIENCE
AMER DAIRY SCIENCE ASSOC-ADSA
Lugar: Champaign, Illinois; Año: 2016 vol. 99 p. 4220 - 4220
The application of high hydrostatic pressure (HHP) treatment has been proposed to reduce the ripening time of cheese via modifications in the enzymatic activities or the substrate reactivity. Investigations on the effect of HHP on cheese proteolysis have been undertaken with either encouraging results or little impact according to the treatment conditions and the type of cheese, but information concerning the impact of HHP on the ripening of hard cooked cheese is still lacking. In this report, we described the effect of HHP treatment on Reggianito cheese proteolysis. For that purpose, 1-d-old miniature cheeses (5.5 cm diameter and 6 cm high) were treated at 100 or 400 MPa and 20ºC for 5 or 10 min, while control cheeses in the trial were not pressurized. All cheeses were ripened at 12ºC during 90 days. The HHP did not affect gross composition of the cheeses, but microbial load changed, especially because the starter culture count was significantly lower at the beginning of the ripening of the cheeses treated at 400 MPa than in controls and cheeses treated at 100 MPa. Cheeses treated at 400 MPa for 10 min had significantly higher plasmin activity than did the others; the residual coagulant activity was not affected by HHP. Proteolysis assessment showed that most severe treatments (400 MPa) also resulted in cheeses with increased breakdown of αs1- and β-casein. In addition, nitrogen content in soluble fractions was significantly higher in cheeses treated at 400 MPa, as well as soluble peptides and free amino acids production. Peptide profiles and individual and total content of free amino acids in 60-d-old treated cheese were as high as in fully ripened control cheeses (90 days). Holding time had an impact only on pH 4.6 soluble nitrogen fraction and plasmin activity; cheese treated for 10 min showed higher values than those treated for 5 min, at both levels of pressure assayed. We concluded that HHP treatments at 400 MPa applied 1 day after cheese making increased the rate of proteolysis leading to an acceleration of the ripening process in Reggianito Argentino cheese, while 100 MPa treatments did not lead to significant changes.