INSTITUTO DE LACTOLOGIA INDUSTRIAL
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
Aminotransferase and glutamate dehydrogenase activities in lactobacilli and streptococci
BERGAMINI, CARINA; PERALTA, GUILLERMO; HYNES, ERICA R.
BRAZILIAN JOURNAL OF MICROBIOLOGY
SOC BRASILEIRA MICROBIOLOGIA
Año: 2016 vol. 47 p. 741 - 741
Aminotransferases (ATs) and glutamate dehydrogenase (GDH) are two main types of enzymes involved in the initial steps of amino acid catabolism, which plays a key role in the cheese flavor development. In the present work, GDH and AT activities were screened in 21 strains of lactic acid bacteria of dairy interest, either cheese-isolated or commercial starters, including 15 mesophilic lactobacilli, four thermophilic lactobacilli, and two streptococci. The strains of Streptococcus thermophilus showed the highest GDH activity, which was significantly elevated compared with the lactobacilli. Aspartate AT prevailed in most strains tested, while the levels and specificity of other ATs were highly strain- and species-dependent. The knowledge of enzymatic profiles of these starter and cheese-isolated cultures is helpful in proposing appropriate combinations of strains for improved or increased cheese flavor.