CENTRO DE REFERENCIA PARA LACTOBACILOS
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
INFLUENCE OF WINE-RELATED PHYSICOCHEMICAL FACTORS ON THE GROWTH AND METABOLISM OF NON-Saccharomyces AND Saccharomyces YEASTS IN MIXED CULTURE
LUCÍA M. MENDOZA; MARÍA C. MANCA DE NADRA; ELENA BRU; MARTA E. FARÍAS
JOURNAL OF INDUSTRIAL MICROBIOLOGY & BIOTECHNOLOGY
Año: 2009 vol. 36 p. 229 - 229
The influence of two physicochemical factors involved in winemaking, temperature and SO2, on the kinetics and metabolic behavior of Kloeckera apiculata and Saccharomyces cerevisiae was examined. Highest biomass was reached at 15 and 25C for K. apiculata and S.cerevisiae, respectively. Pure cultures of K. apiculata died off early with increasing temperature, but in co-culture with S. cerevisiae it showed higher viability and a change in the death curve from exponential to linear. Statistical analysis revealed that metabolite production was significantly different for the three cultures and also at the different fermentation temperatures. Besides, the interaction between culture type and temperature was significant. At temperatures from 15 to 30C the mixed culture showed similar ethanol and lower acetic acid production compared with a pure culture of K. apiculata. SO2 addition slightly increased survival of the non-Saccharomyces species in pure and mixed cultures. Statistical evaluation indicated that culture type and SO2 addition significantly affected metabolite production, but the interaction between culture and SO2 was not significant. These results contribute to current knowledge of enological factors and their effect on prevalence and fermentative activities of the composite yeast flora and the statistical significance emphasizes the importance of the combined influence of the culture type and physicochemical factors on the production of fermentation metabolites.