HYNES Erica Rut
congresos y reuniones científicas
Design and characterization of liposomes containing bioactive fatty acids
MARÍA AYELÉN VÉLEZ; ZANEL, P.; ERICA HYNES; CRISTINA PEROTTI; ANA MARÍA GENNARO
Simposio; 9th Euro-Global Summit & Expo on Food & Beverages; 2016
It is believed that conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) isomers have beneficial biological effects, which include the reduction of body fat content and mass muscle increment, stimulation of the immune system, inhibition of carcinogenesis. The aim of the present work was to formulate CLA-loaded liposomes for food aplications, to characterize them in size and to evaluate membrane fluidity. Liposomes were formulated following the technique of ethanol injection, utilizing soy phosphatidylcholine and conjugated linoleic acid isomers (9c, 11t and 10t, 12c) at two different ratios (A and B formulations, protected information). Controls (A and B) without CLA were included. Size distribution was measured by dynamic light scattering, efficiency by gas chromatography, and membrane fluidity by electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) utilizing 5 SASL and 16 SASL spin labels. As for size, formulation B had the highest medium diameter (271.87± 13.25 nm), followed by formulation A (203± 1.33), which not differ from control A (197.53 ± 16.12 nm) and control B (153.00 ±5.52). CLA encapsulation efficiencies were over 80 %, similar between formulations. Regarding membrane fluidity of CLA-liposomes, two behaviors were noticed. With 5 SASL, sensing the outer portion of the lipid bilayer, both CLA formulations showed higher membrane fluidity than controls. When employing 16 SASL, which senses the inner portion of the bilayer, formulation A did not differed from controls, but formulation B showed decreased fluidity. In summary, CLA at both formulations disorders the outer membrane zone increasing its fluidity, but formulation B causes a decreased fluidity near the center of the membrane. The results could have implications in fatty acids digestibility; and they constitute a preliminary study with a view of potential applications in food formulations.