INVESTIGADORES

OTERO Maria Rita

artículos

Título:

LAS REPRESENTACIONES MENTALES Y LA RESOLUCIÓN DE UN PROBLEMA: UN ESTUDIO EXPLORATORIO

Autor/es:

OTERO, M. R.; PAPINI, C; ELICHIRIBEHETY, I.

Revista:

Investigacoes em ensino de Ciencias

Editorial:

UFRGS

Referencias:

Lugar: PORTO ALEGRE; Año: 1998 vol. 3 p. 47 - 60

ISSN:

1518-8795

Resumen:

LAS REPRESENTACIONES MENTALES Y LA RESOLUCIÓN DE UN PROBLEMA: UN ESTUDIO EXPLORATORIO
Problem solving strategies used by high school students, ages 15-19, participants of the
mathematics olympics, ages 16-17, and physics and mathematics majors, are analysed from the
perspective of the theory of mental models. Although the problem considered in such analysis could
be solved using a first degree equation with one unknown quantity, it was not this strategy that was
used by most subjects of the study, at least in a first approximation. Data suggest that some subjects
have a mental model of the situation and run that model in order to solve the problem whereas
others seem to use merely algebraic procedures. The mental model category is approached from
Johnson- Laird?s perspective.
mathematics olympics, ages 16-17, and physics and mathematics majors, are analysed from the
perspective of the theory of mental models. Although the problem considered in such analysis could
be solved using a first degree equation with one unknown quantity, it was not this strategy that was
used by most subjects of the study, at least in a first approximation. Data suggest that some subjects
have a mental model of the situation and run that model in order to solve the problem whereas
others seem to use merely algebraic procedures. The mental model category is approached from
Johnson- Laird?s perspective.
mathematics olympics, ages 16-17, and physics and mathematics majors, are analysed from the
perspective of the theory of mental models. Although the problem considered in such analysis could
be solved using a first degree equation with one unknown quantity, it was not this strategy that was
used by most subjects of the study, at least in a first approximation. Data suggest that some subjects
have a mental model of the situation and run that model in order to solve the problem whereas
others seem to use merely algebraic procedures. The mental model category is approached from
Johnson- Laird?s perspective.
mathematics olympics, ages 16-17, and physics and mathematics majors, are analysed from the
perspective of the theory of mental models. Although the problem considered in such analysis could
be solved using a first degree equation with one unknown quantity, it was not this strategy that was
used by most subjects of the study, at least in a first approximation. Data suggest that some subjects
have a mental model of the situation and run that model in order to solve the problem whereas
others seem to use merely algebraic procedures. The mental model category is approached from
Johnson- Laird?s perspective.
Problem solving strategies used by high school students, ages 15-19, participants of the
mathematics olympics, ages 16-17, and physics and mathematics majors, are analysed from the
perspective of the theory of mental models. Although the problem considered in such analysis could
be solved using a first degree equation with one unknown quantity, it was not this strategy that was
used by most subjects of the study, at least in a first approximation. Data suggest that some subjects
have a mental model of the situation and run that model in order to solve the problem whereas
others seem to use merely algebraic procedures. The mental model category is approached from
Johnson- Laird?s perspective.
Key-words: mental models, problem solving, physics and mathematicsmental models, problem solving, physics and mathematics