GOMEZ ZAVAGLIA Andrea
Characterization of bifidobacteria strains isolated from human feces using box-PCR
GÓMEZ ZAVAGLIA A., DE URRAZA P. J., DE ANTONI G. L.
Año: 2000 vol. 6 p. 169 - 177
Twenty-five Bifidobacterium strains isolated from infants' faeces were identified by Rep-PCR. Using BOX-PCR, characteristic bands of Bifidobacterium bifidum, Bifidobacterium breve, Bifidobacterium longum, Bifidobacterium infantis and Bifidobacterium adolescentis were found in 40 strains of bidfidobacteria. These bands were not found in lactobacilli. By computerized numerical analysis strains were grouped in two major clusters. Strains of B. bifidum fell into a well-differentiated cluster that joined the cluster of the remaining species at 0.771 of similarity. The predominant species among the isolated strains were Bifidobacterium bifidum, Bifidobacterium longum andBifidobacterium breve . In another set of experiments, DNA was extracted from bacteria harvested from fermented milks to which different concentrations of bifidobacteria had been added. In all cases characteristic bands in the agarose gel belonging to lactobacilli and streptococci were detected. Bifidobacterium was detected only when 108CFU/ml were added to the fermented milks. On the basis of our results, we propose this methodology as another tool in the polyphasic taxonomy.