GOMEZ ZAVAGLIA Andrea
Influence of the growth at high osmolality on the lipid composition, water permeability and osmotic response of Lactobacillus bulgaricus
E. ELIZABETH TYMCZYSZYN, GOMEZ ZAVAGLIA, ANDREA, E. ANIBAL DISALVO
ARCHIVES OF BIOCHEMISTRY AND BIOPHYSICS
Lugar: Radarweg 29, Amsterdam 1043 NX; Año: 2005 vol. 443 p. 66 - 73
Changes in water permeability and membrane packing were measured in cells of Lactobacillus bulgaricus and in vesicles prepared with lipids extracted from them. The osmotic response of whole cells and vesicles is compared with the one of bacteria grown in a high osmolal medium. Both bacteria and vesicles, behave as osmometers. This means that the volume decrease is promoted by the outflow of water, driven by the NaCl concentration difference, arguing that neither Na+ nor Cl- permeates the cell or the lipid membrane in these conditions. Therefore, the volume changes can be correlated with the rate of water permeation across the cell or the vesicle membranes. The permeation of water was analyzed as a function of the lipid species by measuring the volume changes and the saturation ratio of the lipids. To put into relevance the membrane processes, the permeation properties of lipid vesicles prepared with lipids extracted from bacteria grown in normal and high osmolality conditions were also analyzed. The permeation response was correlated with the physical properties of the membrane of whole cells and vesicles, by means of fluorescence anisotropy of diphenyl hexatriene (DPH). The modifications in membrane properties are related with the changes in the membrane composition triggered by the growth in a high osmolal medium. The changes appear related to an increase in the sugar content of the whole pool of lipids and in the saturated fatty acid residues.