GOMEZ ZAVAGLIA Andrea
Matrix Isolation and Low Temperature Solid State FT-IR Spectroscopic Study of Furil
S. LOPES, GOMEZ ZAVAGLIA, ANDREA, AND R. FAUSTO.
PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY CHEMICAL PHYSICS
Royal Society of Chemistry
Lugar: Burlington House; Piccadilly; London W1J 0BA; Año: 2006 vol. 8 p. 1794 - 1806
Alpha-furil [C(4)H(3)O-C(=O)-C(=O)-C(4)H(3)O] has been isolated in argon and xenon matrices and studied by FTIR spectroscopy, supported by DFT(B3LYP)/6-311++G(d,p) calculations. The obtained spectra were fully assigned and revealed the presence in the matrices of three different conformers, all of them exhibiting skewed conformations around the intercarbonyl bond with the two C(4)H(3)O-C(=O) fragments nearly planar. The three conformers differ in the orientation of the furan rings relative to the carbonyl groups: the most stable conformer, I (C(2) symmetry; O=C-C=O intercarbonyl dihedral equal to 153.1 degrees), has both furan rings orientated in such a way that one of their beta-hydrogen atoms approaches the oxygen atom of the most distant carbonyl group, forming two H-C=C-C-C=O six-membered rings; the second most stable conformer, II (C(1) symmetry; O=C-C=O intercarbonyl dihedral equal to 126.9 degrees ), has one furan ring orientated as in I, while the second furan group is rotated by ca. 180 degrees (resulting in an energetically less favourable H-C=C-C=O five-membered ring); in the third conformer, III (C(2) symmetry; O=C-C=O dihedral equal to 106.2 degrees ), both furan rings assume the latter orientation relative to the dicarbonyl group. The theoretical calculations predicted the two higher energy forms being 5.85 and 6.22 kJ mol(-1) higher in energy than the most stable form, respectively, and energy barriers for conformational interconversion higher than 40 kJ mol(-1). These barriers are high enough to prevent observation of conformational isomerization for the matrix isolated compound. The three possible conformers of alpha-furil were also found to be present in CCl(4) solution, as well as in a low temperature neat amorphous phase of the compound prepared from fast condensation of its vapour onto a suitable 10 K cooled substrate. On the other hand, in agreement with the available X-ray data [S. C. Biswas, S. Ray and A. Podder, Chem. Phys. Lett., 1987, 134, 541], the IR spectra obtained for the neat low temperature crystalline state reveals that, in this phase, alpha-furil exists uniquely in its most stable conformational state.