GOMEZ ZAVAGLIA Andrea
Quantum Chemical Calculations in the Structural Analysis of Phloretin
JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR STRUCTURE
Lugar: Amsterdam; Año: 2009 vol. 930 p. 187 - 194
In this work, a conformational search on the molecule of phloretin [20,40,60-Trihydroxy-3-(4-hydroxyphenyl)- propiophenone] has been performed. The molecule of phloretin has eight dihedral angles, four of them taking part in the carbon backbone and the other four, related with the orientation of the hydroxyl groups. A systematic search involving a random variation of the dihedral angles has been used to generate input structures for the quantum chemical calculations. Calculations at the DFT(B3LYP)/6- 311++G(d,p) level of theory permitted the identification of 58 local minima belonging to the C1 symmetry point group. The molecular structures of the conformers have been analyzed using hierarchical cluster analysis. This method allowed us to group conformers according to their similarities, and thus, to correlate the conformers stability with structural parameters. The dendrogram obtained from the hierarchical cluster analysis depicted two main clusters. Cluster I included all the conformers with relative energies lower than 25 kJ mol1 and cluster II, the remaining conformers. The possibility of forming intramolecular hydrogen bonds resulted the main factor contributing for the stability. Accordingly, all conformers depicting intramolecular H-bonds belong to cluster I. These conformations are clearly favored when the carbon backbone is as planar as possible. The values of the mC@O and mOH vibrational modes were compared among all the conformers of phloretin. The redshifts associated with intramolecular H-bonds were correlated with the H-bonds distances and energies.