MEDINA Roxana Beatriz
INFLUENCE OF AUTOCHTHONOUS CULTURES ON FATTY ACID COMPOSITION, ESTERASE AND SENSORY PROFILE OF ARGENTINEAN GOAT CHEESES
N.TABOADA; C. VAN NIEUWENHOVE; S. LÓPEZ ALZOGARAY; R.B. MEDINA
JOURNAL OF FOOD COMPOSITION AND ANALYSIS
ACADEMIC PRESS INC ELSEVIER SCIENCE
Lugar: Amsterdam; Año: 2015 vol. 40 p. 86 - 94
In the present work conjugated fatty acid content, atherogenicity index, esterase activity and sensory analysis of semi-hard goat cheeses manufactured with authochthonous starter and adjunct or commercial cultures were analyzed. The comparison of cheeses obtained with or without addition of authochthonous cultures reported statistically significant differences in the fatty acid profile and estersase activity that could be due to a different degree of lipolysis in the cheeses, but did not significantly affect the gross composition of cheeses. Short chain and polyunsaturated fatty acid content was higher in products with autochthonous than commercial cultures. The inclusion of these cultures into the artisanal cheese manufacture improves the conjugated fatty acid content, flavour and the atherogenicity index of the final product. Though, conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) level, increased during ripening time in cheese containing autochthonous cultures from 0.6 to 1.0 g/100 g of fatty acids, offering for human consumers among 417 to 427 mg/ 100 g of cheese. The uses of autochthonous cultures could impact on the development of dairy products with beneficial effect on health, having a strong influence on the economy of the region.