INVESTIGADORES
BAUMLER erica Raquel
artículos
Título:
Solvent Extraction: Kinetic Study of Major and Minor Compounds
Autor/es:
BAƜMLER, ERICA; CRAPISTE, GUILLERMO; CARELLI, AMALIA
Revista:
JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS SOCIETY (JAOCS)
Editorial:
AOCS
Referencias:
Lugar: Berlin; Año: 2010 vol. 87 p. 1489 - 1495
ISSN:
0003-021X
Resumen:
The effects of temperature and contact time on lipid extraction from sunflower collets was investigated in a batch extractor with hexane as solvent. The total removed material varied in quantity and composition due to changes in temperature and contact time. Higher temperatures enhanced oil extraction as well as increased the tocopherol and phospholipid contents of the oil. The kinetic data for triglycerols, phospholipid and tocopherols extraction were interpreted by using an equation that considers extraction as the sum of two components: diffusion and washing. Effective diffusion coefficients for oil, tocopherols and phospholipid at different temperatures were determined. Control of temperature and contact time are essential to obtain good quality oil and reduce refining costs. Extraction at 60 C and short contact times (30 min) obtained high oil yield (98%) accompanied by significant tocopherol extraction ([99%) and reduced phospholipid extraction (66%). Keywords Effective diffusion coefficients Extraction Sunflower Hexane extraction Minor compounds Tocopherols Phospholipids