INSTITUTO ARGENTINO DE NIVOLOGIA, GLACIOLOGIA Y CIENCIAS AMBIENTALES
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
Small-sized mesotheriines (Mesotheriidae, Notoungulata) from Northwestern Argentina: Systematic, chronological, and paleobiogeographic implications
CERDEÑO, ESPERANZA; ARMELLA, MATÍAS A.; NASIF, NORMA L.
JOURNAL OF SOUTH AMERICAN EARTH SCIENCES
PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Lugar: Amsterdam; Año: 2018 vol. 83 p. 14 - 26
The Neogene outcrops in Northwestern Argentina have provided many fossil mammals, particularly notoungulates. However, the fossil record of the early stages of the late Miocene is scarce. The present study describes two mesotheriine specimens from Las Arcas Formation (underlying the Chiquimil Formation dated at 9.14 ± 0.09 Ma; Catamarca Province) and Saladillo Formation (dated at 10 ± 0.3 Ma; Tucumán Province), represented by a left maxillary fragment with complete M1e3 and a right isolated M3, respectively. The main feature of these pieces is their small size, significantly smaller than that of the Miocene genera Eutypotherium, Typotheriopsis, and Pseudotypotherium, recorded in Argentina. In contrast, these mesotheriines are closer to specimens known from Bolivia. The comparative analysis allows us to refer the material herein described to Plesiotypotherium aff. P. achirense and Mesotheriinae indet., with all cautions inherent to the incompleteness of the material. In turn, the paleobiogeographic implication of these new records is approached. A relationship concerning phylogenetic aspects, size, temporal range, and distribution pattern is proposed, taking into account the small size of the studied material in a temporal context of medium to large-sized mesotheriines.