INSTITUTO ARGENTINO DE NIVOLOGIA, GLACIOLOGIA Y CIENCIAS AMBIENTALES
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
Palynology and palynofacies analysis of a Silurian (Llandovery?Wenlock) marine succession from the Precordillera of western Argentina: Palaeobiogeographical and palaeoenvironmental significance
MARTÍNEZ, M.A.; RUBINSTEIN, C.; GARCÍA MURO, V.
ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Lugar: Amsterdam; Año: 2016 vol. 126 p. 50 - 64
A comprehensive survey of the marine and terrestrial palynomorphs from the La Chilca Formation, exposed in the Central Precordillera of San Juan, Argentina, is presented. Twenty-four samples from the Quebrada Ancha section were analysed. Marine phytoplankton predominated in the entire stratigraphic unit while the contribution of terrestrial palynomorphs was much less. Acritarchs and chlorophytes represent a highly diversified assemblage, including stratigraphically relevant taxa such as Domasia trispinosa, Tylotopalla caelamenicutis, Tylotopalla digitifera, Crassiangulina variacornuta, Stellinium rabians and Percultisphaera cf. stiphrospinata. Terrestrial palynomorphs areexclusively represented by six cryptospore species; namely Gneudnaspora divellomedia, Pseudodyadospora laevigata, Rugosphaera cerebra, Tetrahedraletes medinensis, cf. Imperfectotriletes vavdovae and Velatitetras retimembrana. Comparisons with coeval phytoplankton assemblages from Gondwana and other palaeoplates such as Laurentia,Baltica and Avalonia show strong similarities, suggesting a cosmopolitan distribution pattern during the Llandovery andWenlock. The first palynofacies analysis for the early Silurian of Argentina was performed. Depositional environments based on palynofacies match with those previously suggested based on sedimentological data. Two main palynofacies associations are recognised. Association B occurs in the lower part of the La Chilca Formation and is mostly composed of amorphous organic matter (AOM) representative of low energy inner shelf Environments. Association A is recognised in the upper part of the formation, where sandstone beds become more frequent, and is characterised by a greater amount of possible palynomorph remains (PPR), indicating a proximal platform to shoreface environment. Three excursions of TotalOrganic Carbon (TOC) were identified in the section, probably as a result of sea level rise episodes that produced anoxic conditions and preservation of organic matter.