INSTITUTO TECNOLOGICO DE CHASCOMUS
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
Growth promotion and protection from drought in Eucalyptus grandis seedlings inoculated with beneficial bacteria embedded in a superabsorbent polymer
GRACIANO C; PIECKENSTAIN FL; AMODEO G; TUBERT E; RECHI M; GUDESBLAT GE; CHAIN JM; CASTAGNO LN; ESTRELLA MJ; BAROLI I
Nature Research Press
Lugar: Londres; Año: 2020 vol. 10 p. 1 - 17
Eucalyptus grandis is a globally important tree crop. Greenhouse-grown tree seedlings often face water deficit after outplanting to the field, which can affect their survival and establishment severely. This can be alleviated by the application of superabsorbent hydrophilic polymers (SAPs). Growth promoting bacteria can also improve crop abiotic stress tolerance; however, their use in trees is limited, partly due to difficulties in the application and viability loss. In this work, we evaluated the improvement of drought tolerance of E. grandis seedlings by inoculating with two Pseudomonas strains (named M25 and N33), carried by an acrylic-hydrocellulosic SAP. We observed significant bacterial survival in the seedling rhizosphere 50 days after inoculation. Under gradual water deficit conditions, we observed a considerable increase in the water content and wall elasticity of M25-inoculated plants and a trend towards growth promotion with both bacteria. Under rapid water deficit conditions, which caused partial defoliation, both strains significantly enhanced the formation of new leaves, while inoculation with M25 reduced the transpiration rate. Co-inoculation with M25 and N33 substantially increased growth and photosynthetic capacity. We conclude that the selected bacteria can benefit E. grandis early growth and can be easily inoculated at transplant by using an acrylic-hydrocellulosic SAP.