INSTITUTO TECNOLOGICO DE CHASCOMUS
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
Morphological colour adaptation during development in fish: Involvement of growth hormone receptor 1
CASTAÑEDA-CORTÉS, DIANA CAROLINA; FERNANDINO, JUAN IGNACIO; CASTAÑEDA-CORTÉS, DIANA CAROLINA; FERNANDINO, JUAN IGNACIO; DELGADIN, TOMÁS HORACIO; BRECCIA, ANDRÉS; DELGADIN, TOMÁS HORACIO; BRECCIA, ANDRÉS; SACKS, CLARA; VISSIO, PAULA GABRIELA; SACKS, CLARA; VISSIO, PAULA GABRIELA
JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL BIOLOGY
COMPANY OF BIOLOGISTS LTD
Año: 2020 vol. 223
Morphological background adaptation is both an endocrine and a nervous response, involving changes in the amount of chromatophores and pigment concentration. However, whether this adaptation takes place at early developmental stages is largely unknown. Somatolactin (Sl) is a pituitary hormone present in fish, which has been associated to skin pigmentation. Moreover, growth hormone receptor type 1 (Ghr1) has been suggested to be the Sl receptor and was associated with background adaptation in adults. In this context, the aim of this work was to evaluate the ontogeny of morphological adaptation to background and the participation of ghr1 in this process. We found in larval stages of the cichlid Cichlasoma dimerus that the number of head melanophores and pituitary cells immunoreactive to Sl was increased in individuals reared with black backgrounds compared with that in fish grown in white tanks. In larval stages of themedaka Oryzias latipes, a similar responsewas observed, which was altered by ghr1 biallelic mutations using CRISPR/Cas9. Interestingly, melanophore and leucophore numbers were highly associated. Furthermore, we found that somatic growth was reduced in ghr1 biallelic mutant O. latipes, establishing the dual function of this growth hormone receptor. Taken together, these results show that morphological background adaptation is present at early stages during development and that is dependent upon ghr1 during this period.