INSTITUTO TECNOLOGICO DE CHASCOMUS
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
Human impacted shallow lakes in the Pampean plain are ideal hosts for cyanobacterial harmful blooms
SÁNCHEZ, MARÍA LAURA; HUBER, PAULA; O'FARRELL, INÉS; IZAGUIRRE, IRINA; YEMA, LILEN; SCHIAFFINO, MARÍA ROMINA; LAGOMARSINO, LEONARDO
ELSEVIER SCI LTD
Año: 2021 vol. 288
The ecological status of Pampean shallow lakes is evidenced by Cyanobacteria Harmful Blooms impairing these nutrient enriched, turbid and polymictic water bodies spread along the Central Plains of Argentina. Under the premise that shallow lakes are sentinels of global climate and eutrophication, a 3-year research in ten lakes located across a climatic gradient explored which factors drove the dynamics of cyanobacterial assemblages frequently driving to bloom prevalence. Contrarily to what is expected, the effect of seasonal temperature on cyanobacteria was subordinated to both the light environment of the water column, which was on turn highly affected by water level conditions, and to nutrient concentrations. Monthly samplings evidenced that cyanobacterial assemblages presented a broad-scale temporal dynamics mostly reflecting inter-annual growth patterns driven by water level fluctuations. Both species composition and biovolume gradually changed across a gradient of resources and conditions and hence, the scenario in each individual lake was unique with patterns at different temporal and spatial scales. More than 35 filamentous and colonial morphospecies constituted the assemblages of Pampean lakes: nostocaleans and chroococcaleans were inversely correlated in the prevailing interannual 3-cycled patterns.