INSTITUTO DE INVESTIGACIONES EN ELECTRONICA, CONTROL Y PROCESAMIENTO DE SEÑALES
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
A simple and reproducible capacitive electrode
ENRIQUE SPINELLI; MARCELO HABERMAN; PABLO GARCÍA; FEDERICO GUERRERO
MEDICAL ENGINEERING & PHYSICS
ELSEVIER SCI LTD
Lugar: Amsterdam; Año: 2016 vol. 38 p. 286 - 289
Capacitive Electrodes (CE) allow the acquisition of biopotentials through a dielectric layer, without the use of electrolytes, just by placing them on skin or clothing, but demands front-ends with ultra-high input impedances. This must be achieved while providing a path for bias currents, calling for ultra-high value resistors and special components and construction techniques. A simple CE that uses bootstrap techniques to avoid ultra-high value components and special materials is proposed. When electrodes are placed on the skin; that is, with coupling capacitances CS of around 100 pF, they present a noise level of 3.3 µVRMS in a 0.5-100 Hz bandwidth, which is appropriate for electrocardiography (ECG) measurements. Construction details of the CE and the complete circuit, including a fast recovery feature, are presented.