INSTITUTO DE INVESTIGACIONES EN CIENCIAS AGRARIAS DE ROSARIO
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
Tomato second cycle hybrids as a source of genetic variability for fruit quality traits
PEREIRA DA COSTA, JAVIER H; MAHUAD, SABINA L; ZORZOLI, ROXANA; RODRÍGUEZ, GUSTAVO RUBÉN; MARCHIONNI BASTE, EZEQUIEL; PRATTA, GUILLERMO RAUL; LIBERATTI, DAVID RODOLFO; PICARDI, LILIANA AMELIA
CROP BREEDING AND APPLIED BIOTECHNOLOGY
BRAZILIAN SOC PLANT BREEDING
Año: 2016 vol. 16 p. 289 - 297
The objective of this study was to investigate the phenotypic and molecular variability in a F2 generation derived from a SCH (Second Cycle Hybrid) in order to detect QTLs for some fruit traits of tomato. Genome coverage at different levels was achieved by three types of molecular markers (polypeptides, sequence-related amplified polymorphism-SRAP and amplified restriction fragment polymorphism - AFLP). Different degrees of polymorphism were detected by SRAP and AFLP at the DNA structure level and also by polypeptides at the DNA expression level. The first two markers, associated with phenotypic variation, detected QTLs involved in important agronomic traits such as fruit shelf life, soluble solids content, pH, and titratable acidity. New gene blocks originated by recombination during the first cycle of crossing were detected. This study confirmed that the observed phenotypic differences represent a new gene rearrangement and that these new gene blocks are responsible for the presence of the genetic variability detected for these traits.