IIBYT   23944
INSTITUTO DE INVESTIGACIONES BIOLOGICAS Y TECNOLOGICAS
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
capítulos de libros
Título:
Togaviridae
Autor/es:
LUIS A. DIAZ; MARTA S. CONTIGIANI
Libro:
Arthropod Borne Diseases
Editorial:
Springer Publishing Group
Referencias:
Año: 2017; p. 115 - 135
Resumen:
Alphavirus constitutes one of the two genera included in the family Togaviridae. This genus contains 30 viral species (with different variants and strains), grouped into seven antigenic complexes. Depending on the geographical location where they were isolated, this genus is divided into alphavirus in the New World (including eastern equine encephalitis virus, Venezuelan equine encephalitis and Western equine encephalitis, that cause encephalitis in humans and other mammals) and Old World (Chikungunya virus, O┬┤Nyong ? Nyong virus; Ross River virus, Semliky forest virus and Sindbis virus causing syndrome characterized by fever, rash and arthralgias, which rarely cause mortality). However, Sindbis virus (the prototype alphavirus) causes encephalomyelitis in mice, and Ross River Virus and CHIKV are also neuroinvasive and cause neurological disease in humans. Alphaviruses are responsible for several medically important emerging diseases and are also significant veterinary pathogens. Due to the aerosol infectivity of some alphaviruses and their ability to cause severe, sometimes fatal neurologic diseases, they are also of biodefense importance. Likewise, they are of interest fortheir potential use in gene therapy. This chapter will describes general aspects of alphavirus, with emphasis on their pathology, ecology, epidemiology, clinical, diagnosis, treatment, prevention and control measures.