BOERI Roberto Enrique
Influence of the Austempering Time on the Mechanical Properties of Carbide-Free Bainitic Cast Steels
TENAGLIA, NICOLÁS E.; MASSONE, JUAN M.; BASSO, ALEJANDRO D.; BOERI, ROBERTO E.
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF METALCASTING
AMER FOUNDRY SOC INC
Año: 2021 vol. 15 p. 906 - 915
Three medium-carbon, high-silicon cast steels with different alloy contents were austempered at 330 °C for different holding times in order to obtain carbide-free bainitic microstructures. Aiming at evaluating the influence of holding time and microstructural features on strength and ductility, tensile properties were measured for each steel at selected austempering times. The results obtained indicate that it is possible to adjust holding time in order to obtain the best strength/ductility combination at determined austempering temperature. Moreover, it has been shown that the mechanical stability of retained austenite is the key factor in controlling tensile performance. Short austempering times result in low carbon enrichment of the austenite (low stability) and promote higher ultimate tensile strength and lower ductility. For longer austempering times, steels present a slight decrease in ultimate tensile strength but a marked increase in ductility. This work shows that it is possible to obtain cast steels with ultimate tensile strength of 1682 MPa, yield strength of 1493 MPa and total elongation of 12.5% by means of bainitic reaction. This strength/ductility combination and others reported in this study are remarkable for cast steels.