INSTITUTO DE FISIOLOGIA VEGETAL
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
Fusarium equiseti LPSC 1166 and its in vitro role in the decay of Heterostachys ritteriana leaf litter
BAEZ, MARGOT; BALATTI, PEDRO A.; FRANCO, ERNESTO; MIRÍFICO, MARÍA V.; SAPARRAT, MARIO C. N.; TRONCOZO, MARÍA I.; ROBLEDO, GERARDO L.
Lugar: Berlin; Año: 2017 vol. 63 p. 169 - 169
The role of microorganisms in litter degradation in arid and semi-arid zones, where soil and water salinization is one of the main factors limiting carbon turnover and decay, remains obscure. Heterostachys ritteriana (Amaranthaceae), a halophyte shrub growing in arid environments such as "Salinas Grandes" (Córdoba, Argentina), appears to be the main source of organic matter in the area. Little is known regarding the microorganisms associated with H. ritteriana, although they are a potential source of enzymes such as cellulolytic ones, which might be important in biotechnological fields such as bioethanol production using ionic liquids. In the present study, by studying the microbiota growing onH. ritteriana leaf litter in "Salinas Grandes", we isolated the cellulolytic fungus Fusarium equiseti LPSC 1166, which grew and degraded leaf litter under salt stress. The growth of this fungus was a function of the C substrate and the presence of NaCl. Although in vitro the fungus used both soluble and polymeric compounds from H. ritteriana litter and synthesizedextracellular β-1,4 endoglucanases, its activity was reduced by 10% NaCl. Based on these results, F. equiseti LPSC 1166 can be described as a halotolerant cellulolytic fungus most probably playing a key role in the decay of H. ritteriana leaf litter in "Salinas Grandes".