MUSEO ARGENTINO DE CIENCIAS NATURALES "BERNARDINO RIVADAVIA"
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
Tetrapod burrows from the Middle-Upper Triassic Chañares Formation (La Rioja, Argentina) and its palaeoecological implications
ROCHER, SEBASTIÁN; HECHENLEITNER, E. MARTÍN; FIORELLI, LUCAS E.; EZCURRA, MARTÍN D.; MARTINELLI, AGUSTÍN G.; EZPELETA, MIGUEL
PALAEOGEOGRAPHY PALAEOCLIMATOLOGY PALAEOECOLOGY
ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Año: 2018 p. 85 - 85
We describe tetrapod burrows from the uppermost Middle-lower Upper Triassic (latest Ladinian-early Carnian) Chañares Formation (Ischigualasto-Villa Unión Basin), La Rioja Province, northwestern Argentina. The burrows were found in different localities of the unit, but restricted to the lowermost 17 m of the formation. They occur at the same interval as a tetrapod assemblage composed of erpetosuchid and basal paracrocodylomorph pseudosuchians, basal traversodontid and chiniquodontid eucynodontians, and stenaulorhynchine rhynchosaurids. This assemblage differs from the typical Chañares fauna that occurs in stratigraphically higher levels. The burrows were found within the deposits of moderately developed palaeosols formed in volcanically-influenced braided fluvial facies under semi-arid climate conditions. The burrow systems are cylindrical to sub-cylindrical in cross-section, up to 25 cm in diameter, and characterized by long, multiple branching tunnels, several metres long, that meander horizontally or are slightly inclined (