MUSEO ARGENTINO DE CIENCIAS NATURALES "BERNARDINO RIVADAVIA"
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
Sex-linked chromosome heterozygosity in males of Tityus confluens (Buthidae): a Clue about the Presence of Sex Chromosomes in Scorpions
OJANGUREN-AFFILASTRO AA; ADILARDI RS; MOLA LM
PUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE
Lugar: San Francisco; Año: 2016 vol. 11 p. 1 - 1
Scorpions of the genus Tityus show holokinetic chromosomes, achiasmatic male meiosisand an absence of heteromorphic sex chromosomes, like all Buthidae. In this work, we analysed the meiotic behaviour and chromosome rearrangements of a population of the scorpion Tityus confluens, characterising the cytotypes of males, females and embryos withdifferent cytogenetic techniques. This revealed that all the females were structural homozygotes, while all the males were structural heterozygotes for different chromosome rearrangements. Four different cytotypes were described in males, which differed inchromosome number (2n = 5 and 2n = 6) and meiotic multivalent configurations (chains offour, five and six chromosomes). Based on a detailed mitotic and meiotic analysis, we propose a sequence of chromosome rearrangements that could give rise to each cytotype and in which fusions have played a major role. Based on the comparison of males, females and a brood of embryos, we also propose that the presence of multivalents in males and homologous pairs in females could be associated with the presence of cryptic sex chromosomes, with the male being the heterogametic sex. We propose that the ancestral karyotype of this species could have had homomorphic XY/XX (male/female) sex chromosomes and a fusion could have occurred between the Y chromosome and an autosome.