MUSEO ARGENTINO DE CIENCIAS NATURALES "BERNARDINO RIVADAVIA"
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
Effect of the urease-derived peptide Jaburetox on the central nervous system of Triatoma infestans (Insecta: Heteroptera).
GALVANI GERÓNIMO L; FRUTTERO LL; CORONEL MARÍA F; NOWICKI SUSANA; DE MARTINI DIOGO; DEFFERRARI MARINA; POSTAL MELISSA; CANAVOSO LE; CARLINI CR; SETTEMBRINI BEATRIZ P
BIOCHIMICA ET BIOPHYSICA ACTA-GENERAL SUBJECTS
ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Lugar: Amsterdam; Año: 2015 vol. 1850 p. 255 - 255
Background: Triatoma infestans, is the main vector of Chagas disease in Southern Cone countries. In triatomines, symptoms suggesting neurotoxicity were observed after treatment with Jaburetox (Jbtx), the entomotoxic peptide obtained from jackbean urease. Here, we study its effect in the central nervous system (CNS) of this species. Methods: Immunohistochemistry, Western blots, immunoprecipitation, two-dimensional electrophoresis, tandem mass spectrometry and enzymatic assays were performed. Results: Anti-Jbtx antibody labeled somata of the antennal lobe only in Jbtx-treated insects. Western blot assays of nervous tissue using the same antibody reacted with a 61 kDa protein band only in peptide-injected insects. Combination of immunoprecipitation, two-dimensional electrophoresis and tandem mass spectrometry identified UDP-N-acetylglucosamine pyrophosphorylase (UDP-GlcNAcP) as a molecular target for Jbtx. The activity of UDP-GlcNAcP increased significantly in the CNS of Jbtx-treated insects. The effect of Jbtx on the activity of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) and NO production were investigated as NO is a recognized messenger molecule in the CNS of T. infestans. NOS activity and NO levels decreased significantly in CNS homogenates of Jbtx-treated insects. Conclusions: UDP-GlcNAcP is a molecular target of Jbtx. Jbtx impaired the activity of T. infestans nitrergic system, which may be related with early behavioral effects. General Significance: We report that the CNS of Triatoma infestans is a target for the entomotoxic peptide and propose that a specific area of the brain is involved. Besides potentially providing tools for control strategies of Chagas´ disease vectors our data may be relevant in various fields of research as insect physiology, neurobiology and protein function.