MUSEO ARGENTINO DE CIENCIAS NATURALES "BERNARDINO RIVADAVIA"
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
Cell death mechanisms during follicular atresia in Dipetalogaster maxima, a vector of Chagas? disease (Hemiptera:Reduviidae).
SILVINA A. AGUIRRE, PATRICIA PONS, BEATRIZ P. SETTEMBRINI, DANIELA ARROYO, EDILBERTO R. RUBIOLO, LILIÁN E. CANAVOSO
JOURNAL OF INSECT PHYSIOLOGY
PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Lugar: Amsterdam; Año: 2013 vol. 59 p. 532 - 532
In this work we have analyzed the involvement of cell death pathways during the process of follicular atresia in the hematophagous insect vector Dipetalogaster maxima. Standardized insect rearing conditions were established to induce a gradual follicular degeneration stage by depriving females of blood meal during post-vitellogenesis. We first characterized the morpho-histological and ultrastructural changes of the ovarian tissue at early and late follicular atresia by light and transmission electron microscopy. Apoptosis was investigated by DAPI nuclear staining, TUNEL labeling and the detection of active caspase-3 by immunofluorescence. Autophagy was assessed by the measurement of acid phosphatase activity in ovarian homogenates and monitored by the detection of the specific marker of autophagic compartments, LC3. High levels of acid phosphatase activity were detected at all atretic stages. However, follicular cells of follicles undergoing incipient degeneration in early atresia exhibited features of apoptosis such as chromatin condensation, DNA fragmentation and the presence of active caspase-3. The ultrastructural findings and the increased levels of LC3-II found at late follicular atresia supported the relevance of autophagy at this atretic stage, although the extent of autophagosome formation demonstrated that this cell death pathway also occurred at early atresia. In late atresia, follicular cells also displayed more drastic changes compatible with necrosis. Taken together, results showed that apoptosis, autophagy and necrosis were operative during follicular atresia in D. maxima. Moreover, it was shown that the relevance of these