MUSEO ARGENTINO DE CIENCIAS NATURALES "BERNARDINO RIVADAVIA"
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
Genetic diversity and population structure of Synthesium pontoporiae (Digenea, Brachycladiidae) linked to its definitive host stocks, the endangered Franciscana dolphin, Pontoporia blainvillei (Pontoporiidae) off the coast of Brazil and Argentina
MARIGO, J.; CUNHA, H.A.; BERTOZZI, C.; SOUZA, S.P.; ROSAS, F. W.; CREMER, M.J.; BARRETO, A.S.; DE OLIVEIRA, L.R.; CAPPOZZO, H.L.; VALENTE, A.L.; SANTOS, C.; VICENTE, A.
JOURNAL OF HELMINTHOLOGY
CAMBRIDGE UNIV PRESS
Lugar: Cambridge; Año: 2013 p. 1 - 1
Pontoporia blainvillei (Gervais and d´Orbigny, 1844) is an endangered small cetacean endemic to South America with four Franciscana Management Areas (FMA) recognized as different population stocks. The role of the intestinal parasite Synthesium pontoporiae (Digenea: Brachycladiidae) as a possible biological marker to differentiate P. blainvillei stocks was evaluated using nuclear and mitochondrial DNA markers. Internal transcribed sequence 1 and 2 (ITS1 and ITS2) regions of S. pontoporiae did not show intraspecific variability. The mitochondrial NADH dehydrogenase subunit 3 (ND3) and cytochrome oxidase subunit I (COI) gene sequences suggested lack of population structure in S. pontoporiae and population expansion. The apparent panmixia of S. pontoporiae may be due to the high mobility of one or more of its intermediary hosts. Alternatively, it may be due to the small sample size. This result is incongruent with the previously proposed FMA.