MUSEO ARGENTINO DE CIENCIAS NATURALES "BERNARDINO RIVADAVIA"
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
Scale dependent post-establishment spread and genetic diversity in an invading mollusc in South America
ZHAN AIBIN; PEREPELIZIN PABLO; GHABOOLI SARA; PAOLUCCI ESTEBAN; SYLVESTER FRANCISCO; SARDIÑA PAULA; CRISTESCU MELANIA; MACISAAC HUGH
DIVERSITY AND DISTRIBUTIONS
WILEY-BLACKWELL PUBLISHING, INC
Lugar: Londres; Año: 2012 vol. 18 p. 1042 - 1042
Our study aimed to characterize the dispersal dynamics and population genetic structure of the introduced golden mussel Limnoperna fortunei throughout its invaded range in South America and to determine how different dispersal methods, that is, human-mediated dispersal and downstream natural dispersal, contribute to genetic variation among populations. Location ParanaUruguayRı o de la Plata watershed in Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay. We performed genetic analyses based on a comprehensive sampling strategy encompassing 22 populations (N = 712) throughout the invaded range in South America, using the mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (COI) gene and eight polymorphic nuclear microsatellites. We employed both population genetics and phylogenetic analyses to clarify the dispersal dynamics and population genetic structure. We detected relatively high genetic differentiation between populations (FST = 0.041 to 0.111 for COI= 0.060 to 0.108 for microsatellites) at both ﬁne and large geographical scales. Bayesian clustering and three-dimensional factorial correspondence analyses consistently revealed two genetically distinct clusters, highlighting genetic discontinuities in the invaded range. Results of all genetic analyses suggest ship-mediated jump dispersal as the dominant mode of spread of golden mussels in South America, while downstream natural dispersal has had limited effects on contemporary genetic patterns. Our study provides new evidence that post-establishment dispersal dynamics and genetic patterns vary across geographical scales. While ship-mediated jump dispersal dominates post-establishment spread of golden mussels in South America, once colonies become established in upstream locations, larvae produced may be advected downstream to inﬁll patchy distributions. Moreover, genetic structuring at ﬁne geographical scales, especially within the same drainages, suggests a further detailed understanding of dynamics of larval dispersal and settlement in different water systems. Knowledge of the mechanisms by which post-establishment spread occurs can, in some cases, be used to limit dispersal of golden mussels and other introduced species.