MUSEO ARGENTINO DE CIENCIAS NATURALES "BERNARDINO RIVADAVIA"
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
Photosynthetic activity of the solar-powered lagoon mollusc Elysia timida (Risso, 1818) (Opisthobranchia: Sacoglossa)
GIMÉNEZ CASALDUERO, F.; MUNIAIN, C.
Balaban Publishers- International Symbiosis Society
Lugar: Israel; Año: 2006 vol. 41 p. 151 - 151
The sacoglossan Elysia timida (Risso 1818) is typical of shallow sea areas and coastal lagoons. It retains symbiotic functional chloroplasts derived from its algal food Acetabularia acetabulum (Linnaeus) for 45 days. However, some aspects of the photosynthetic behaviour of the mollusc-chloroplast association are unknown. This work studies the photosynthetic characteristics of E. timida from a lagoon environment (Mar Menor), defined between 25 and 600 mmol quanta m-2 s-1 by the photosynthetic-irradiance curve. Experimental data were fitted to different exponential models and models based on Michaelis-Menten kinetics. Among the latter, the model that bests fits to the experimental data was identified. Furthermore, it incorporates respiration values and allows an estimation of compensation irradiance (Ic: 11.89 mmol quanta m-2s-1). This model showed a rapid saturation of the photosynthetic apparatus at relatively low irradiance values (Ik: 31.33 mmol quanta m-2). Excess light seems to be modulated by the molluscs opening and closing of their parapodia. Mean P/R values (Production versus Respiration relationship) are above 0.91; this value is considered high in coral-zooxanthellae symbioses. The photosynthetic efficiency of the symbiotic chloroplasts is fairly high, taking into account that sacoglossans are more active than corals and have a higher respiration rate.