ZILLI alex leonel
Reproductive Systems in Paspalum: Relevance for Germplasm Collection and Conservation, Breeding Techniques, and Adoption of Released Cultivars
ACUÑA CARLOS ALBERTO; MARTINEZ ERIC JAVIER; ZILLI ALEX LEONEL; BRUGNOLI ELSA ANDREA; ESPINOZA FRANCISCO; MARCON, FLORENCIA; URBANI MARIO HUGO; QUARIN CAMILO LUÍS
FRONTIERS IN PLANT SCIENCE
FRONTIERS MEDIA S.A.
Lugar: Lausana; Año: 2019 vol. 10
The objective of this review is to analyze and describe the impact that mode of reproduction in Paspalum has on germplasm conservation, genetic improvement and commercialization of cultivars. Germplasm collection and conservation can now berethought considering the new available information related to how diversity is allocated in nature and how it can be transferred between the sexual and apomictic germplasm using novel breeding approaches. A quantification of species and accessions conserved around the world is analyzed in relation to the main germplasm banks. Because of the importance of apomixis in Paspalum species different breeding approaches have been used and tested. Knowledge related to the inheritance of apomixis, variable expressivity of the trait and techniques for early identification of apomicts has helped to improve the efficiency of the breeding methods. Novel breeding techniques are also being developed and are described regarding its advantages and limitations. Finally, the impact of reproductive mode on the popularity of the released cultivars is discussed