INVESTIGADORES
WOITOVICH VALETTI Nadia
artículos
Título:
Enzymatic synthesis of fructooligosaccharides: From carrot discards to prebiotic juice
Autor/es:
GUERRA, LAUREANA; URETA, MICAELA; ROMANINI, DIANA; WOITOVICH, NADIA; GÓMEZ-ZAVAGLIA, ANDREA; CLEMENTZ, ADRIANA
Revista:
FOOD RESEARCH INTERNATIONAL
Editorial:
ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Referencias:
Año: 2023 vol. 170
ISSN:
0963-9969
Resumen:
A great volume of carrots is discarded daily worldwide because they do not meet the required shape and size standards. However, they have the same nutritional characteristics as those commercialized, and can be used in different food products. Carrot juice is an excellent matrix for the development of functional foods with prebiotic compounds, such as fructooligosaccharides (FOS). In this work, the production of FOS in situ in carrot juice was evaluated using a fructosyltransferase from Aspergillus niger, produced by solid-state fermentation on carrot bagasse. The enzyme was partially purified 12.5-fold with a total yield of 93 %, and specific activity of 59 U/mg of protein by Sephadex G-105 molecular exclusion chromatography. It was identified by nano LC-MS/MS as a β-fructofuranosidase with a 63.6 kDa MW and it allowed obtaining a FOS yield of 31.6 % in carrot juice. The result was a prebiotic juice with a final concentration of 32.4 mg/mL of FOS. Using the commercial enzyme Viscozyme L a higher yield of FOS (39.8 %) was obtained in carrot juice, corresponding to a total amount of FOS of 54.6 mg/mL. This circular economy scheme allowed the obtention of a functional juice, that may contribute to improve health of consumers.