Discussing endogenous NO? / HNO interconversion aided by phenolic drugs and vitamins.
HAMER MARIANA; SUAREZ SEBASTIAN ANGEL ; NICOLÁS NEUMAN; LUCIA ALVAREZ; MARTINA MUÑOZ; MARCELO A. MARTÍ; FABIO DOCTOROVICH
AMER CHEMICAL SOC
Lugar: Washington; Año: 2015 vol. 54 p. 9342 - 9342
Reduction of NO? to HNO/NO- under biologically compatible conditions has always been thought as unlikely, mostly due to the negative reduction potential: Eº (NO?,H+/HNO) = -0.55 V vs. NHE at physiological pH. Nonetheless, during the last decade, several works hinted at the possible NO to HNO conversion mediated by moderate biological reductants. Very recently, we have shown that the reaction of NO? with ascorbate and aromatic alcohols occurs through a proton-coupled nucleophilic attack (PCNA) of the alcohol to NO?, yielding an intermediate RO-N(H)O? species, which further decomposes to release HNO.For the present work, we decided to inspect whether other common biological aromatic alcohols obtained from foods, such as Vitamin-E, or used as over-the-counter drugs, like aspirin, are able to undergo the reaction. The positive results suggest that the conversion of NO to HNO could occur far more commonly than previously expected. Taking these as the starting point, we set to review our and other group´s previous reports on the possible NO to HNO conversion mediated by biological compounds including phenolic drugs and vitamins, as well as several thiol bearing compounds. The analysis of revised data prompted us to ask ourselves the following key questions: what are the most likely physio/pathological conditions for NO? to HNO conversion to take place? Which effects usually attributed to NO? are indeed mediated by HNO? These inquiries are discussed in the context of two decades of NO and HNO research.