SERQUIS Adriana Cristina
Vertically Aligned Nanocomposite Thin Films as a Cathode/Electrolyte Interface Layer for Thin-Film Solid Oxide Fuel Cells
J. S. YOON; S. M. CHOO; J. H. KIM; J. H. LEE; Z. X. BI; A. SERQUIS; X. ZHANG; A. MANTHIRAM; H. WANG
ADVANCED FUNCTIONAL MATERIALS
WILEY-V C H VERLAG GMBH
Año: 2009 vol. 19 p. 1 - 6
A thin layer of a vertically aligned nanocomposite (VAN) structure is deposited between the electrolyte, Ce0.9Gd0.1O1.95 (CGO), and the thin-film cathode layer, La0.5Sr0.5CoO3 (LSCO), of a thin-film solid-oxide fuel cell (TFSOFC). The self-assembled VAN nanostructure contains highly ordered alternating vertical columns of CGO and LSCO formed through a one-step thin-film deposition process that uses pulsed laser deposition. The VAN structuresignificantly improves the overall performance of the TFSOFC by increasing the interfacial area between the electrolyte and cathode. Low cathode polarization resistances of 9x10-4 and 2.39V were measured for the cells with the VAN interlayer at 600 and 400 -C, respectively. Furthermore, anodesupported single cells with LSCO/CGO VAN interlayer demonstrate maximum power densities of 329, 546, 718, and 812mW cm-2 at 550, 600, 650, and 700 C, respectively, with an open-circuit voltage (OCV) of 1.13 V at 550 C. The cells with the interlayer triple the overall power output at 650 C compared to that achieved with the cells without an interlayer. The binary VAN interlayer could also act as a transition layer that improves adhesion and relieves both thermal stress and lattice strain between the cathode and the electrolyte.