SERQUIS Adriana Cristina
Optimization of critical currents in MgB2 wires and coils
A. SERQUIS; L. CIVALE; D. L. HAMMON; G. SERRANO; V. F. NESTERENKO
IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON APPLIED SUPERCONDUCTIVITY
Año: 2005 vol. 15 p. 3188 - 3191
We present an analysis of the effect of SiC doping and heat treatments, including hot isostatic pressing (HIPing), on the microstructure, magnetization and transport properties of MgB2 wires and coils prepared by the powder in tube (PIT) method. The HIPed wires have higher critical current densities (Jc) than the annealed wires, especially at high temperatures and magnetic fields, and higher irreversibility field. The improvements are due to the reduction of porosity and to a high density of structural defects, which are the likely source of vortex pinning. We demonstrate that the high-quality properties mentioned above can be retained in longer wires. At 25 K our champion 6-layer coil, made with 25 meters of wire, was able to generate a field of 1 T at self-field. We were able to achieve even higher Jcs in another coil by combining the addition of SiC and HIPing. We also observed a larger upper critical field due to the SiC doping, which drives the sample to the dirty limit.