congresos y reuniones científicas
Poverty and Employability Effects of Workfare Programs in Argentina
LUCAS RONCONI; JUAN SANGUINETTI; SANDRA FACHELLI; VIRGINIA CASAZZA; IGNACIO FRANCESCHELLI
Conferencia; PEP Conference; 2004
Poverty and Economic Policy (PEP)
In 1993 Argentina began implementing workfare programs, and workfare has become a central public policy starting 2002 when the government increased the number of beneficiaries from 100,000 to 2 million people in a country of 38 million. We explore targeting, poverty and employability effects of workfare before 2002 based on the permanent household survey (EPH). We find that the program was pro-poor although more than one third of participants did not satisfy the eligibility criteria. Our estimates suggest that the income of participants increased during treatment - particularly for women - indicating beneficial short run poverty effects. However, the long run effects of the program are not obvious due to selection on treatment completion. We present evidence suggesting that ?for a large fraction of participants- the program generated dependency and did not increase their human capital.