INVESTIGADORES
JOBBAGY GAMPEL Esteban Gabriel
artículos
Título:
Land-use and topography shape soil and groundwater salinity in central Argentina
Autor/es:
NOSETTO MD; ACOSTA AM; JAYAWICKREME D; BALLESTEROS SI; JACKSON RB; JOBBAGY EG
Revista:
AGRICULTURAL WATER MANAGEMENT
Editorial:
ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Referencias:
Lugar: Amsterdam; Año: 2013 vol. 129 p. 120 - 120
ISSN:
0378-3774
Resumen:
Being one of the oldest and most serious environmental problems, soil and groundwater salinization poses critical challenges for the managing of agricultural and natural areas. Together with climate, topography and land-use are main controls dictating salt accumulation patterns at different spatial scales. In this paper, we quantified the response of salt accumulation to the interactive effects of topography (lowland-upland gradients) and vegetation (annual crops, tree plantations, native grasslands) across a sub-humid sedimentary landscape with shallow groundwater in the Inland Pampas of Argentina. We measured salt stocks from the surface down to the water table through soil coring and their horizontal distribution through electrical-resistivity imaging in eleven fields occupied by annual crops, eucalyptus plantations and grasslands encompassing groundwater depth gradients of 1 to 6 m below the surface. Land-use and topography exerted strong influences on salinity and explained together 82% and 66% of the spatial variability of groundwater salinity and soil salt accumulation (0-2 m of depth), respectively. As a single explanatory variable, land-use overwhelmed topography dictating salinity patterns. Tree plantations stored 7 to 8 times more salts than croplands and grasslands throughout the unsaturated soil profile in areas with shallow water-tables (