OLIVERA nelda Lila
Lactic acid bacteria isolated from fish gut produce conjugated linoleic acid without the addition of exogenous substrate
MARIA SOLEDAD VELA GUROVIC; ALEJANDRO GENTILI; NELDA LILA OLIVERA; SUSANA RODRIGUEZ
PROCESS BIOCHEMISTRY - (Print)
ELSEVIER SCI LTD
Lugar: Amsterdam; Año: 2014 vol. 49 p. 1071 - 1071
The production of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) by four strains of lactic acid bacteria isolated from fish, i.e., Leuconostoc mesenteroides H20, Leuconostoc mesenteroides H22, Leuconostoc lactis H24 and Lactobacillus pentosus H16, was evaluated in MRS broth and on MRS agar. The bioconversion and production of CLA by resting cells were also assessed. Linoleic acid was detected in cultures grown on agar at percentages of up to 18.3 % (w/w) of total fatty acid, and conjugated isomers were found in the fatty acid profiles of Lactobacillus pentosus H16. The percentage of CLA relative to total fatty acid increased from 5.68 ± 1.65 % to 23.69 ± 0.79 % when resting cells were removed from agar plates and incubated without the addition of exogenous linoleic acid as a substrate. When Lactobacillus pentosus H16 cells were incubated with linoleic acid, cyclization and changes in monounsaturated fatty acid percentages were observed instead of conjugation. These results show that growth on a solid support is required for CLA production. More significantly, an increase in the CLA content could be achieved by incubating resting cells without exogenous substrate.