LARROVERE mariano Alexis
congresos y reuniones científicas
Deformation of the uppermost Famatinian Orogen: mapping and structural analysis from the Sierra de Narváez and Sierra de Las Planchadas, NW Argentina
LUSK, ALEXANDER; PATERSON, SCOTT R.; RATSCHBACHER, BARBARA; LARROVERE, MARIANO A.; ALASINO, PABLO H.; MEMETI, VALBONE; CAWOOD, TARRYN; HERNANDEZ, ROBERT
Conferencia; GSA Annual Meeting; 2017
The ca. 495 to 450 Ma Famatinian hot, magma-rich, orogen (FO), exposed throughout central and NW Argentina, formedas a result of E-directed subduction and possible collision of the Precordillera Terrane under the Gondwanan margin. Theuppermost parts of the FO are exposed in the S. de Famatina, Precordillera de Jagüé, S. de Toro Negro, S. de Narváez,and the S. de Las Planchadas. We present new mapping and structural analysis from the S. de Narváez and S. de LasPlanchadas to better understand the tectonic setting and deformational history of the upper crustal levels in the FO.The study area exposes Ordovician medium- to coarse-grained volcanoclastic rocks interbedded with finer-grainedfossiliferous shallow marine sediments. This sequence is intruded by rhyolitic to basaltic Ordovician hypabyssal dikes,plugs, and plutons. Molasse sequences of Carboniferous, Permian, and Tertiary bedded units of red sandstones, shales,and conglomerates unconformably and tectonically overlie the Ordovician units.Meter- to km-scale, open, upright, gently S-plunging folds with a pressure solution, axial-planar cleavage are discordantlyintruded by Ordovician intrusive units indicating deformation synchronous with Ordovician magmatism; this is furthersupported by magmatic mullions along rhyolite plug margins with axes subparallel to Ordovician host rock fold axes. Foldswith similar orientations and styles, but no cleavage, deform the Permo-Carboniferous unconformities and stratigraphicunits indicating additional post-Permian folding, possibly related to Andean tectonics. Andean shortening is furtherexpressed by N-S striking, E- and less commonly W-directed thrust faults throughout the area. Rare N-S striking normalfaults occur but their timing relative to Andean structures remains uncertain.The presence of shallow marine sedimentary structures and fossil assemblages indicate that the top of the FO was initiallybelow sea level in the Ordovician. Both pluton emplacement and contractional deformation, although small relative tolower crustal levels of the FO, began to drive surface uplift. Unlike the Famatinian lower crust, where widespread ductiledeformation and unusually wide shear zones are ubiquitous, shortening here is accommodated by low-T folding, pressuresolution, and brittle slip.