STRELIN Marina Micaela
The dynamic mosaic phenotypes of flowering plants
HARDER, LAWRENCE D.; STRELIN, MARINA M.; CLOCHER, ILONA C.; KULBABA, MASON W.; AIZEN, MARCELO A.
WILEY-BLACKWELL PUBLISHING, INC
Año: 2019 vol. 224 p. 1021 - 1034
Ecological interaction and adaptation both depend on phenotypic characteristics. In contrast with the common conception of the ?adult? phenotype, plant bodies develop continuously during their lives. Furthermore, the different units (metamers) that comprise plant bodies are not identical copies, but vary extensively within individuals. These characteristics foster recognition of plant phenotypes as dynamic mosaics. We elaborate this conception based largely on a wide-ranging review of developmental, ecological and evolutionary studies of plant reproduction, and identify its utility in the analysis of plant form, function and diversification. An expanded phenotypic conception is warranted because dynamic mosaic features affect plant performance and evolve. Evidence demonstrates that dynamic mosaic phenotypes enable functional ontogeny, division of labour, resource and mating efficiency. In addition, dynamic mosaic features differ between individuals and experience phenotypic selection. Investigation of the characteristics and roles of dynamic and mosaic features of plant phenotypes benefits from considering within-individual variation as a function-valued trait that can be analysed with functional data methods. Phenotypic dynamics and within-individual variation arise despite an individual´s genetic uniformity, and develop largely by heterogeneous gene expression and associated hormonal control. These characteristics can be heritable, so that dynamic mosaic phenotypes can evolve and diversify by natural selection.