INVESTIGADORES
ELIZALDE luciana
artículos
Título:
With a little help from my friends: Individual and collaborative performance during trail clearing in leaf‐cutting ants
Autor/es:
ALMA, ANDREA MARINA; FARJI?BRENER, ALEJANDRO G.; ELIZALDE, LUCIANA
Revista:
BIOTROPICA
Editorial:
WILEY-BLACKWELL PUBLISHING, INC
Referencias:
Año: 2020
ISSN:
0006-3606
Resumen:
Social organisms express collaborative behaviors, allowing them to solve problems that exceed their individual capabilities. Group coordination and environmental context are some of the factors that may determine the performance of individual and collaborative strategies. Using the trail‐clearing behavior of leaf‐cutting ants, we evaluated experimentally for both strategies whether the success probability and clearing time depend on problem characteristics and context. We placed obstacles of different sizes and shapes (problem characteristics), in trails with different foragers┬┤ fluxes and soil roughness (context) in 10 field nests of Atta cephalotes, and compared removal success (i.e., if ants could remove obstacles) and time of individual and collaborative strategies. Very large obstacles could only be removed collaboratively, confirming individual limitations for transporting large objects. For all obstacle shapes, collaborative removals were more successful but took longer, suggesting that coordination among individuals delays these actions. Individual strategies were faster, regardless of ant flux. However, as ant flux increased, removal success was higher for collaborative than for individual removals. Lastly, trail roughness had no effect. This work highlights one advantage of sociality, the option of collaboratively solving problems that exceed the individual abilities. In addition, it reveals the associated costs of joint actions, since they can be time‐consuming presumably due to coordination problems