LONGO maria silvana
Fungal diversity at fragmented landscapes: synthesis and future perspectives
GRILLI, G.; LONGO, S.; HUAIS, P.Y.; PEREYRA, M.; VERGA, E.G.; URCELAY, C.; GALETTO, L.
CURRENT OPINION IN MICROBIOLOGY
CURRENT BIOLOGY LTD
Año: 2017 vol. 37 p. 161 - 165
Fungi are organisms with important roles in ecosystem functioning and services, but knowledge about how habitat fragmentation affect fungal diversity is biased by experimental approaches and it is spread in different trophic groups. We analyzed the empirical evidences of fungal diversity in fragmented landscapes, and proposed future perspectives for the study of these organisms under land use changes. Fungal diversity might be negatively affected by habitat fragmentation; however, this trend may differ in magnitude depending on fungal groups and their nutritional habits. In addition, due to the fact that fungal diversity at fragmented landscapes has been studied mainly through few indicators (e.g. isolation, area and edge effect); we propose incorporating the landscape structure and accurate spatio-temporal scales to the study of fungal diversity responses to fragmented landscapes. Together, this methodological refinement may allow improving knowledge on fungi when designing proper strategies for landscape management.