LEAL DENIS Maria Florencia
Homeostasis of extracellular ATP in uninfected RBCs from a Plasmodium falciparum culture and derived microparticles
ALVAREZ, CORA LILIA; CHENE, ARNAUD; SEMBLAT, JEAN-PHILIPPE; GAMAIN, BENOIT; LAPOUMÉROULIE, CLAUDINE; FADER, CLAUDIO M.; HATTAB, CLAUDE; SÉVIGNY, JEAN; LEAL DENIS, MARÍA FLORENCIA; LAURI, NATALIA; OSTUNI, MARIANO A.; SCHWARZBAUM, PABLO J.
BIOCHIMICA ET BIOPHYSICA ACTA-BIOMEMBRANES
ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Lugar: Amsterdam; Año: 2022
Plasmodium falciparum, a dangerous parasitic agent causing malaria, invades human red blood cells (RBCs), causing hemolysis and microvascular obstruction. These and other pathological processes of malaria patients are due to metabolic and structural changes occurring in uninfected RBCs. In addition, infection activates the production of microparticles (MPs).ATP and byproducts are important extracellular ligands modulating purinergic signaling within the intravascular space. Here, we analyzed the contribution of uninfected RBCs and MPs to the regulation of extracellular ATP (eATP) of RBCs, which depends on the balance between ATP release by specific transporters and eATP hydrolysis by ectonucleotidases.RBCs were cultured with P. falciparum for 2448 h prior to experiments, from which uninfected RBCs and MPs were purified. On-line luminometry was used to quantify the kinetics of ATP release. Luminometry, colorimetry and radioactive methods were used to assess the rate of eATP hydrolysis by ectonucleotidases. Rates of ATP release and eATP hydrolysis were also evaluated in MPs.Uninfected RBCs challenged by different stimuli displayed a strong and transient activation of ATP release, together with an elevated rate of eATP hydrolysis. MPs contained ATP in their lumen, which was released upon vesicle rupture, and were able to hydrolyze eATP.Results suggest that uninfected RBCs and MPs can act as important determinants of eATP regulation of RBCs during malaria.The comparison of eATP homeostasis in infected RBCs, ui-RBCs, and MPs allowed us to speculate on the impact of P. falciparum infection on intravascular purinergic signaling and the control of the vascular caliber by RBCs.