INSTITUTO INTERDISCIPLINARIO DE CIENCIAS BASICAS
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
Understanding atmospheric methane sub-seasonal variability over India
VALSALA, VINU; FERNANDEZ, RAFAEL P.; GUHA, TANIA; CUEVAS, CARLOS; TIWARI, YOGESH K.; LOPEZ, ALFONSO SAIZ; MAHAJAN, ANOOP S.
PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Año: 2020 vol. 223
Atmospheric methane (CH4) is considered to be one of the most important greenhouse gases due to its increasing atmospheric concentrations and the fact that it has a warming potential 28 times that of atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2). Over the Indian sub-continent, fluxes and transport both contribute towards CH4 seasonal variability. Its intra-seasonal variability however is more complex as it is additionally influenced by monsoonal activity during the Asian Summer Monsoon (ASM) period. In this study, the intra-seasonal variability of atmospheric CH4 is examined using ground-based observations at two sites located in the Southern Indian Peninsula, Sinhagad (SNG) and Cape Rama (CRI); and outputs from three different model simulations. Both, the ground based observations and multi-model simulations show that the dominant spectral variability of CH4 is coherent with 20?90 day oscillations in the dynamics of the monsoon (termed hereafter as Intra-Seasonal Oscillations, ISOs). The multi-model analysis revealed that CH4 is heavily influenced by advection due to this intra-seasonal variability. The simulations also display a clear northward propagation of CH4 anomalies over India. The co-evolution of CH4, outgoing long wave radiation (to represent convection) and OH radicals (proxy to CH4 sinks) is presented. The study quantifies CH4 variability at intra-seasonal timescales and also its spatial extent. The results suggest that the effect of ISOs on CH4 needs to be considered along with the corresponding observations for future inverse modeling.