INSTITUTO INTERDISCIPLINARIO DE CIENCIAS BASICAS
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
Sources, circulation, and use of obsidian in central Chile
CORNEJO, LUIS; YEBRA, LUCÍA; GIESSO, MARTÍN; DURÁN, VICTOR; GLASCOCK, MICHAEL D.; SANHUEZA, LORENA; CORTEGOSO, VALERIA; MACDONALD, BRANDI L.
PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Año: 2021 vol. 574 p. 13 - 26
A geochemical analysis of 382 obsidian samples from different archeological sites in Central Chile (32°?35° Lat. South) has identified the preferential use of three known sources in the Andean mountain range, Arroyo Paramillos and Laguna del Diamante located in the Maipo Volcano area, and Las Cargas located ca 120 km further south. The analysis of the circulation and use of this raw material from the beginning of the Archaic period until the arrival of the Inka to this territory reveals differences in how obsidian from these three main sources was used, both spatially and temporally. The hunter-gatherers occupying the Andean mountain range preferred the obsidian source from the Maipo Volcano area, while the hunter gatherer and horticulturalist groups from the central valley used more frequently the obsidian from Las Cargas source. These differences are linked to the quality of the obsidian, its suitability for the intended use and the distance of the users from the source.