LAVARIAS Sabrina Maria Luisa
Induction of oxidative stress as a possible mechanism by which geraniol affects the proliferation of human A549 and HepG2 tumor cells
CRESPO, ROSANA; RODENAK-KLADNIEW, BORIS E.; CASTRO, MARÍA A.; SOBERÓN, MARÍA V.; LAVARÍAS, SABRINA M.L.
ELSEVIER IRELAND LTD
Año: 2020 vol. 320
Geraniol (GOH), like other plant-derived natural bioactive compounds, has been found to possess antiproliferative properties that are essential to cope with malignant tumors. However, the mechanisms of molecular action of GOH are not fully elucidated. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of GOH on some oxidative parameters in human tumor cell lines (HepG2 and A549). Cytotoxicity evaluated in cell lines by the MTT assay, genotoxicity by the comet assay, and lipid peroxidation by the TBARS. The activities of antioxidant the enzymes, superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT) and glutathione-S-transferase (GST), were also analyzed. Additionally, intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS), nitric oxide, and lactate production were determined in HepG2 cells. Both tumor cell lines showed a clear concentration-dependent response to GOH in several of the parameters evaluated. Lipids turned out to be more sensitive than DNA to oxidative damage induced by GOH. TBARS levels increased with respect to control (p < 0.05) by 33% and 122% in HepG2 and A549 cells, respectively treated with 200 μM GOH. However, GOH caused a statistically significant decrease in SOD and CAT activities in HepG2 cells only. GST was not affected in any cell lines. GOH induced the production of ROS but not nitric oxide in HepG2, which shows that ROS were mainly responsible for oxidative damage. Lactate release increased statistically significantly compared to control (p < 0.001), by 41% and 86% at 200 and 800 μM GOH respectively, showing that this monoterpene also affected the glycolytic pathway in HepG2 cells. These results suggest that oxidative stress could mediate the anti-proliferative effects of GOH in HepG2 and A549 cells.