LAVARIAS Sabrina Maria Luisa
PARTIAL CHARACTERIZATION OF A MALONYL-CoA-SENSITIVE CARNITINE O-PALMITOYLTRANSFERASE I FROM MACROBRACHIUM BORELLII (CRUSTACEA: PALAEMONIDAE)
LAVARIAS, SABRINA MARIA LUISA; PASQUEVICH, YANINA; DREON, MARCOS S.; HERAS, HORACIO
COMPARATIVE BIOCHEMISTRY AND PHYSIOLOGY. PART B, BIOCHEMISTRY & MOLECULAR BIOLOGY.
Lugar: Amsterdam; Año: 2009 p. 364 - 369
The shuttle system that mediates the transport of fatty acids across the mitochondrial membrane in invertebrates has received little attention. Carnitine O-palmitoyltransferase I (EC 22.214.171.124; CPT I) is a key component of this system that in vertebrates controls long-chain fatty acid β-oxidation. To gain knowledge on the acyltransferases in aquatic arthropods, physical, kinetic, regulatory and immunological properties of CPT of the midgut gland mitochondria of Macrobrachium borellii were assayed. CPT I optimum conditions were 34 °C and pH=8.0. Kinetic analysis revealed a Km for carnitine of 2180±281 μM and a Km for palmitoyl- CoA of 98.9±8.9 μM, while Vmax were 56.5±6.6 and 36.7±4.8 nmol min−1 mg protein−1, respectively. A Hill coefficient, n~1, indicate a Michaelis?Menten behavior. The CPT I activity was sensitive to regulation by malonyl-CoA, with an IC50 of 25.2 μM. Electrophoretic and immunological analyses showed that a 66 kDa protein with an isoelectric point of 5.1 cross-reacted with both rat liver and muscle-liver anti CPT I polyclonal antibodies, suggesting antigenic similarity with the rat enzymes. Although CPT I displayed kinetic differences with insect and vertebrates, prawn showed a high capacity for energy generation through β-oxidation of long-chain fatty acids.