GABELLONE Nestor Adrian
Effects of polyphenols on plankton assemblages and bacterial abundance representative of a pampean shallow lake: an experimental study
ALVAREZ, M. FERNANDA; BENÍTEZ, HERNÁN H.; SOLARI, LÍA C.; CORTÉS, J. CAMILO VILLEGAS; GABELLONE, NÉSTOR A.; CLAPS, M. CRISTINA
AQUATIC MICROBIAL ECOLOGY
Año: 2020 vol. 85 p. 85 - 100
Shallow lakes are complex environments that play an important role in ecology. Their relationships with the surrounding areas make these lentic water bodies susceptible to alterations in response to human activity. For example, the input of polyphenols could be critical in altering species interactions. The shallow lakes located in the pampean plain of Argentina are major reservoirs of diversity, with the environmental habitats of the Salado River basin in particular having become impacted by human activities. The aim of this work was to evaluate the effects of different polyphenol concentrations (i.e. tannins) on changes in the plankton assemblages and on the abundance of bacteria in San Miguel del Monte Lake. Factorial experiments under laboratory conditions (4 tannin concentration levels and 4 response times) revealed that high tannin concentrations affected neither the phyto- and zooplankton assemblages nor bacterial abundances. Major changes both in assemblages and in the bacterioplankton abundances were dependent on exposure time. We found that the initial food web of grazers shifted to detritivorous feeding, thus producing a simplification of the community toward early succession. Although no effects of polyphenols were registered here, what proved striking was the resilience of the system and the capability to support high tannin concentrations throughout the experiment. Therefore, future investigations are necessary to elucidate the key role of such humic substances in the structuring of plankton assemblages of shallow lakes from strongly impacted areas, such as those found in the pampean region.