ISLA Federico Ignacio
developing sinks fro CO2 through forestation of temperate coastal bariers
TURNO ORELLANO, H; ISLA, F
Regional Environmental Change
Año: 2004 vol. 4 p. 70 - 76
Since the 1940s, some sectors of the sand dune barriers of Buenos Aires Province have been forested to ﬁx the sand in the neighborhoods of resort villages. Man took advantage of the maritime climate and the shallow groundwater to introduce pine forests. Today, these forests reach more than 20 m in height and have developed soils of more than 0.05 m in thickness on former arid sands. Field data were referred to Landsat (TM) composite and Normalized Difference of Vegetation Index, NDVI, images to calculate forest density and covered area. Considering published tables of wood density for each species, the amount of total carbon storage was estimated on 318 t C ha -1 (Mg=10 6 g) in biomass and 86 t C ha -1 in soils. The three areas analyzed at Miramar, Necochea and Claromeco´ have captured 658,868 t of carbon in the last 50 years. It is estimated that 150,000,000 t C could be sequestered within temperate dune barriers of Argentina, Uruguay and Brazil. Besides this ecological point of view, there is an important socio-economic factor that cannot be excluded.