IDASZKIN Yanina Lorena
Comparison of phytoremediation potential capacity of Spartina densiflora and Sarcocornia perennis for metal polluted soils
IDASZKIN, YANINA LORENA; LANCELOTTI, JULIO LUCIO; POLLICELLI, MARÍA DE LA PAZ; MARCOVECCHIO, JORGE; BOUZA, PABLO JOSÉ
MARINE POLLUTION BULLETIN
PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Lugar: Amsterdam; Año: 2017 vol. 118 p. 297 - 306
Phytoremediation is considered the most appropriate technique to restore metal polluted soil, given its low cost, high efficiency and low environmental impact. Spartina densiflora and Sarcocornia perennis are perennial halophytes growing under similar environmental conditions in San Antonio marsh (Patagonia Argentina), therefore it is interesting to compare their phytoremediation potential capacity. To this end, we compared concentrations of Pb, Zn, Cu, and Fe in soils and in below- and above-ground structures of S. perennis and S. densiflora. It was concluded that both species are able to inhabit Pb, Zn, and Cu polluted soils. Although Sarcocornia translocated more metals to the aerial structures than Spartina, both species translocated only when they were growing in soils with low metal concentrations. It seems that the plants translocate only a certain proportion of the metal contained in the soil. These results suggest that both species could be considered candidates to phytostabilize these metals in polluted soils.