capítulos de libros
Phytoplankton of the Río de la Plata estuary
Freshwater phytoplankton from Argentina"
E. Schweizerbart Science Publishers.
Lugar: Stuttgart; Año: 2014; p. 1 - 15
The Río de la Plata is an extensive, shallow, and microtidal coastal-plain estuary on the east coast of South America. The river receives freshwater from South America?s second largest watershed (about 3.2 million km2). The main tributaries are the Paraná and Uruguay rivers, characterized by flows with opposing patterns of seasonal variability. The dynamics of the Rio de la Plata estuary are controlled by tides, wind-driven waves, and the continental runoff. This ecosystem is of great socioeconomic importance since industrial and urban areas throughout the region affect the aquatic habitats. Furthermore, this river is used for several purposes, including drinking water as well as recreational and navigational activities, but at the same time receives agricultural runoff and industrial- and domestic-waste?containing effluents. The ecology of the phytoplankton of the Rio de la Plata has been only scarcely explored, particularly those organisms relating to the freshwater tidal zone. The work reported here investigated the principal abiotic conditions that influence the composition and distribution of phytoplankton, as well the life-form strategies of the algae along the fluvial-mixohaline axis. The structural characteristics such as taxonomic groups, species richness, density, biomass, diversity, and size are described. Upon consideration of the availability of nutrients and the residence time of the water within the ecosystem, the risk of the spread of blooms is also analyzed.