ISLA Maria Ines
The use of jarilla native plants in a Diaguita-Calchaquí indigenous community from northwestern Argentina: An ethnobotanical, phytochemical and biological approach
ANTONELLA CARABAJAL, MÓNICA PATRICIA; PEREA, MARÍA CRISTINA; ISLA, MARÍA INÉS; ZAMPINI, IRIS CATIANA
JOURNAL OF ETHNOPHARMACOLOGY
ELSEVIER IRELAND LTD
Año: 2020 vol. 247
Ethnopharmacological relevance: In northwestern Argentina inhabit several ancient indigenous communities with diverse cultural and historical background. Geographical isolation has contributed to the prevalence of a native plant-based folk medicine; ?jarilla? species are medicinal plants widely used in local communities for the treatment of mycosis, respiratory, gastrointestinal and rheumatic disorders. The aim of the study: To assemble the traditional knowledge acquired through years with scientific data concerning to phytochemistry, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory potential of three ?jarillas? species. Material and methods: Ethnobotanical data of three ?jarillas?, Zuccagnia punctata (Zp), Larrea cuneifolia (Lc), and Larrea divaricata (Ld), were explored by interviewing native people from Indigenous Community of Amaicha del Valle, Tucumán. Phenolic profiles from each infusion were analyzed by HPLC-ESI-MS/MS. Antioxidant activity was determined by superoxide anion and hydrogen peroxide scavenging capacity, lipoperoxidation inhibition, and ferrous iron chelating activity. It was also assessed their ability to inhibit pro-inflammatory enzymes, such as xanthine oxidase, lipoxygenase, and hyaluronidase. Results: Ethnobotanical interviews showed that local people use ?jarillas? mainly as infusions and baths. It was reported different categories of uses, such as medicinal (10 curative applications), to religious purposes, tinctorial, as construction material and as fuel. From infusions prepared, the MS and MS/MS data allowed the identification of 27 compounds from Z. punctata, and 11 from both Larrea sp. The infusions showed an important antioxidant activity through different mechanisms, highlighting Zp and Lc in free radical scavenging capacity and Ld on lipid peroxidation inhibition and iron binding. They were also capable of inhibit xanthine oxidase and lipoxygenase enzymes, being Lc the most active one. Conclusions: This research work provides novel information concerning to several categories of traditional uses of ?jarilla? species in a Diaguita-Calchaquí community and focus attention to infusions from a phytochemical and biological approach.